The Red Disa, also known as Disa uniflora, is a species of orchid that is native to the Western Cape province region of South Africa, including Table Mountain. It is an iconic and well-known species in the region and is also the official provincial flower of the Western Cape.
The Red Disa is a terrestrial orchid, meaning that it grows on the ground rather than in trees like some other orchid species. It typically grows to a height of around 30 to 50 centimeters (12 to 20 inches) and produces a single, bright red flower that is about 5 centimeters (2 inches) in diameter.
The Red Disa blooms in the summer months of December to February, and its bright red flowers are a popular attraction for hikers and nature enthusiasts on Table Mountain. It is also a significant cultural symbol for the indigenous Khoisan people, who have used the plant for medicinal and cultural purposes.
Despite its cultural and ecological significance, the Red Disa has considered a vulnerable species due to habitat loss and other threats, including invasive plant species and climate change. Conservation efforts and attempts are underway to protect and restore the species and its habitat, including measures to prevent fires, control invasive plant species, and promote sustainable land use practices.